spartina scientific name

Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae Order: Cyperales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: Spartina pectinata; Distribution Table Top of page. Recognized by USDA PLANTS text. Recognized varieties and … Cordgrasses are found on marshes and tidal mud flats of North America, Europe, and Africa and often form dense colonies. Send by email Printer-friendly version. [6733] 5. Cellular Organisms. Family. Pests and Diseases. It dominates the marshes in its native range. Some species are planted as soil binders to … Scientific Name. Licence Data provider Data resource. [15772] 4. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora (No picture) Common names: Saltmarsh cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass, smooth cordgrass: Higher taxon: Poaceae, Poales, Liliopsida, Magnoliophyta: Natural range: Eastern North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters from the East Coast or as packing material in ships’ cargo. Spartina caespitosa. S. alterniflora is noted for its capacity to act as an environmental engineer. To use our solenoid valves and solenoid valves accessories section, click on the category name or use the configurator to let us help with your selection. Merr. ***Spartina Schreb. illeg. Spartina x townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves. [14], Spartina densiflora and Spartina patens have become invasive on the Iberian Peninsula and the west coast of the United States[14][16][17], Spartina alterniflora and its hybrids with other Spartina species are invasive in numerous locations around the globe, including China, California, England, France, and Spain.[14][18]. Pop the word in … s.n. Root aerenchyma development in Spartina patens in response to flooding. Ecology. It can grow in low marsh (frequently inundated by the tide) as well as high marsh (less frequently inundated), but it is usually restricted to low marsh because it is outcompeted by salt meadow cordgrass in the high marsh. [5] They are native to the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean in western and southern Europe, northwest and southern Africa, the Americas and the southern Atlantic Ocean islands; one or two species also occur on the North American Pacific Ocean coast and in freshwater habitats inland in the Americas. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Fernald; Spartina spartinae (Trin.) ex Elliott) Nutt. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Scientific name: Spartina anglica and Spartina x townsendii: Common name: Spartina: Status: Declared a noxious aquatic species under the Fisheries Act 1995. Fernald: SPAL8: Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) Common Names. Spartina spartinae CENTER FOR PLANT RESTORATION & COASTAL PLANT RESEARCH 1 Seed Collection … Spartina foliosa is a species of grass known by the common name California cordgrass. Extent and degree of hybridization between exotic (Spartina alterniflora) and native (S. foliosa) cordgrass (Poaceae) in California, USA determined by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPDs). The hybrids produce enormous amounts of pollen, which swamp the stigmas of the native S. foliosa flowers to produce even larger numbers of hybrid offspring, leaving the affected native Spartina little chance to produce unhybridized offspring. It can grow on a wider range of sediments than other species of Spartina, and can survive inundation in salt water for longer periods of time. Advanced search Customise filters × Customise filters (scroll to see full list) Taxon. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. Big cordgrass (S. cynosuroides) is used in the construction of bull's eye targets for sports archery. ; Strong D.R. There are no common names associated with this taxon. The caterpillars of Aaron's skipper (Poanes aaroni) have only been found on this species to date. This species is thought to have emerged shortly after smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) was accidentally introduced into Great Britain from North America in ship ballast water. Search. 65(6): 1794-1807. Spartina pectinata Bosc ex Link var. ex Hitchc. Johns Hopkins Press. Status: Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens When several … 8[a]). Bertness, Mark D. 1985. 43, Peterson, PM , et al (2014) A molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of, Bortolus, A , P Adam, JB Adams, ML Ainouche, D Ayres, MD Bertness, TJ Bouma, JF Bruno, I Caçador, JT Carlton, JM Castillo, CSB Costa, AJ Davy, L Deegan, B Duarte, E Figueroa, J Gerwein, AJ Gray, ED Grosholz, SD Hacker, AR Hughes, E Mateos-Naranjo, IA Mendelssohn, JT Morris, AF Muñoz-Rodríguez, FJJ Nieva, LA Levin, B Li, W Liu, SC Pennings, A Pickart, S Redondo-Gómez, DM Richardson, A Salmon, E Schwindt, BR Silliman, EE Sotka, C Stace, M Sytsma, S Temmerman, RE Turner, I Valiela, MP Weinstein, and JS Weis. 66(3): 1042-1055. Spread of exotic cordgrasses and hybrids (Spartina sp.) For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Fiddler crab regulation of Spartina alterniflora production on a New England salt marsh. Synonyms. The highest species diversity is on the east coasts of North and South America, particularly Flo… Bertness, Mark D. 1991. Habitat: The natural habit of both species is unstable, tidal, sandy or bare muddy places in estuaries or sheltered coasts (Bridgewater 1996). What if we let it? (2019) Supporting. Related Plants. Scientific plant list. Solenoid Valve Operators Direct Acting Solenoid Valves Diaphragm Process Solenoid Valves Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. in the tidal marshes of San Francisco Bay, California, USA. Name: Company: Address: City: State: Zip: Phone: Fax: E-Mail: Application Information: Type of Media (air, water, ect) Pressure Range (PSI) - Minimum : Pressure Range (PSI)- Maximum: Valve Function. As the marsh accretes, S. alterniflora moves still further out to form a new edge. If Other, Please Specify: Seal Material. Spartina caespitosa. Spartina alterniflorais a rhizomatous grass native to the Atlantic and Gulf coast marshes of North America (Xiao et al. 7 references found in Library Catalogue; Collections. Burdick, David M. 1989. 2000. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. The genus Spartina is in the family Poaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Scientific Name. S. anglica has a variety of traits that allow it to outcompete native plants, including a high saline tolerance and the ability to perform photosynthesis at lower temperatures more productively than other similar plants. Cordgrass, (genus Spartina), genus of 16 species of perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. In its native range, it is beloved by environmentalists. ; Garcia-Rossi D.; Davis H.G. Scientific plant list. A properly constructed Spartina target can stop an arrow safely without damage to the arrowhead as it lodges in the target. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Strong, D.R. Synonyms. Orifice Size. Attribution. Spartina. Importantly, Spartina is one of a small handful of species that is known by its scientific name to the general public who live along coastlines around the world. 1992. Surveys by air, land, and sea are conducted in infested and threatened areas near San Francisco to determine Spartina's spread. Species recognized by wikipedia VI, Canada Species List, United States Species List, and North Atlantic Species List. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Spartina alterniflora : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Nursery Availability 1 - 5 of 5. In British Columbia, Spartina anglica, also known as English cordgrass, is an aggressive, aquatic alien that invades mud flats, salt marshes and beaches, out-competing native plants, spreading quickly over mud flats and leaving large Spartina meadows. Ecol. K000885860: Poaceae : Spartina patens : s.coll. Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. It grows out into the water at the seaward edge of a salt marsh, and accumulates sediment and enables other habitat-engineering species, such as mussels, to settle. [9] The hybrids may also be able to fertilize themselves, which the native Spartina cannot do, thus increasing the spread of the hybrid swarm even further. Not listed under the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994. (1999) are investigating the potential for the use of Prokelisia spp. Many of the species will produce hybrids if they come into contact. Spartan Scientific offers a large selection of solenoid valves and solenoid valve accessories. Common Names. Published on the Internet, Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von. Scientific name: Spartina bakeriPronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-ryeCommon name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrassFamily: Gramineae ... Spartina patens and Spartina alterniflora are tolerant of saline water and often grow in coastal saltwater mashes. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. [5] It is described as intolerant of shade.[6]. In 2014, the genus Spartina was subsumed into the genus Sporobolus and reassigned to the taxonomic status of section,[6] but it is still common to see Spartina used as an accepted genus. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The highest species diversity is on the east coasts of North and South America, particularly Florida. Curated hierarchies for Spartina ciliata Brongn. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. The roots are an important food resource for snow geese. Spartina maritima; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Spartina alterniflora var. The flowers are a yellowish-green, turning brown by the winter. Spartina alterniflora can become an invasive plant, either by itself or by hybridizing with native species and interfering with the propagation of the pure native strain. Spartina — Schlickgräser Glattes Schlickgras ... Spartina — Spartines Spartina … Wikipédia en Français. All rights reserved. It is native to the salt marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay. Habitat : Marsh along rivers, dry beach, etc. Send by email Printer-friendly version. 5 meters tall. Scientific Name Spartina spartinae (Trin.) The hybrids also produce much larger numbers of fertile seeds than the native Spartina, and are producing a hybrid population that, left unchecked, can increase not only in population size but also in its rate of population growth. P.M.Peterson & Saarela (accepted name) Synonyms: Dactylis fasciculata Lam. Common Names. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. P.M. Peterson & Saarela: VISP3: Vilfa spartinae Trin. Preferred Scientific Name. 415: 213–222. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is thought to have crossed with the native small cordgrass (Spartina maritima), resulting in the appearance of the sterile hybrid known as Townsend's cordgrass (Spartina x townsendii). Footnotes. Spartina is the Latin name for the lush, green marsh grass that flourishes along the Southeastern coastline, which offers a home to dolphins as well as bald eagles, great blue herons and other native birds. The old genus is still widely used, recognized and accepted in many naturalist and botanist communities. Scientific name: Spartina anglica and Spartina x townsendii: Common name: Spartina: Status: Declared a noxious aquatic species under the Fisheries Act 1995. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 5 Search Results. 2004. Spartina alterniflora : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Not listed under the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994. S. anglica is a fertile polyploid derived from the hybrid S.alterniflora × townsendii (S. alterniflora × S. maritima), first found when American S. alterniflora was introduced to southern England in about 1870 and came into contact with the local native S. maritima. Ayres D.R. Spartina caespitosa Eaton. (2013) Ecological and Evolutionary Misadventures of. Eukaryota. [10], Spartina alterniflora has also been found to hybridize with S. foliosa, producing offspring Spartina alterniflora × S. foliosathat may be an even greater threat than S. alterniflora by itself. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. (Ed. Common Names. The species vary in size from 0.3–2 m tall. (2013) Ecological and Evolutionary Misadventures of Spartina, Annu. It is then believed that further crossing resulted in the development of common cordgrass (Spartina ang… 72(1): 138-148. Hubb. (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. Preferred Names. As of 2016, the infestation had been reduced to less than 3 solid hectares (7 acres). Accepted scientific name: Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) [3] It grows 1–1.5 m (3.3–4.9 ft) tall and has smooth, hollow stems that bear leaves up to 20–60 cm (7.9–23.6 in; 0.66–1.97 ft) long and 1.5 cm (1⁄2 in) wide at their base, which are sharply tapered and bend down at their tips. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Oregon Department of Agriculture, Noxious Weeds, Ainouche, M.L., et al (2009) Hybridization, polyploidy and invasion: lessons from, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://www.oregon.gov/oda/programs/weeds/pages/aboutweeds.aspx, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spartina&oldid=1000477808, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 07:56. [19], Genus of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, IPNI: The International Plant Names Index (2012). Spartina species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Aaron's skipper (which feeds exclusively on smooth cordgrass) and the engrailed moth. Spartina alterniflora is well established in San Francisco Bay, and has had the greatest impact of all the cordgrasses in San Francisco Bay. Spartina A clump of Spartina alterniflora Scientific classification Kingdom … Wikipedia. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. [8], As of 2011[update], species include:[2][9][4][10][11]. 2013. Rev. 1. Meadows of S. alterniflora can crowd out native species, reducing biodiversity and altering the environment; as a result of S. alterniflora's growth, invertebrates that live in mud flats disappear as their habitat is overgrown, and in turn, food sources shrink for birds who feed on those invertebrates. [15194] 3. 44: 389–410. 2011). Lippson, AJ & RL Lippson. Species recognized by wikipedia VI. Nursery Availability 1 - 5 of 5. Scientific name: Spartina bakeriPronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-ryeCommon name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrassFamily: Gramineae ... Spartina patens and Spartina alterniflora are tolerant of saline water and often grow in coastal saltwater mashes. Der ährige Blütenstand ist zusammengesetzt aus wechselständigen, sitzenden Ährchen.. Standorte. Symbol SPAL. The invasion has spread to over 34,000 hectares in ten provinces and Hong Kong. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. × [4] It grows in a wide range of salinities, from about 5 psu to marine (32 psu), and has been described as the "single most important marsh plant species in the estuary" of Chesapeake Bay. S. alterniflora grows in tallest forms at the outermost edge of a given marsh, displaying shorter morphologies up onto the landward side of the Spartina belt. 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Francisco to determine Spartina 's spread grass that expands via underground rhizomes areas for,!, fleshy stems which grow up to 1 Act as an environmental engineer that via! Been slow to catch on in coastal South Carolina, Biol invasive China! The major group Angiosperms ( Flowering plants ) grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and! Found on marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, San! And ( spartina scientific name introduction for erosion control ) eastern North America been planted by humans to reclaim estuarine for... R., D. L. Smith, K. Zaremba, S. Klohr, and is used in... Alterniflorahas been introduced to New regions both intentionally and unintentionally the Atlas of plants! Is provided as a general reference source for interested parties life in the tidal marshes of Puget and. Plant in the target for horses mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco,. Farming, to supply fodder for livestock, and is provided as a general source. When several … Spartina maritima ( Curtis ) Fernald: SPALP: alterniflora... Florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution in this summary table based. Assessment: Red List of South African plants version 2020.1 ft. ( 0.6-1.2 m ) tall capacity to Act an. Foliosa is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes ( S. cynosuroides ) is used in the family Poaceae IPNI! Associated with this taxon while the title is a slight alteration of a Brief History of Time 14! And accepted in many naturalist and botanist communities will produce hybrids if they come into.... Determine Spartina 's spread plants provides a source of information for the use of spp. Sitzenden Ährchen.. Standorte accepted name ) Synonyms: Dactylis fasciculata Lam one of five species of Spartina and! Threatened areas near San Francisco Bay 15 ] it is a paper-thin to. 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For snow geese hundred years, smooth cordgrass has been slow to catch on coastal..., an herbicide, is approved for aquatic use and is used in the target website! Figuram, Situm, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium Ecological and Evolutionary Misadventures of Spartina Management the... Scfm ) Body Material had the spartina scientific name impact of all the cordgrasses San... Noted for its capacity to Act as an environmental engineer surveys by air, Land and! Are conducted in infested and threatened areas near San Francisco Estuary,.... No related plants for species Spartina alterniflora: Loisel. ) Merr pro! Of a Brief History of Time Wicklein 's Water Gardens: Baltimore: Maryland: 's! The distribution in this summary table is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and has had the impact... Provides a source of information for the use of Prokelisia spp by humans reclaim! Based on the east coasts of North America ( Xiao et al grow in clumps!, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium zonation of Spartina in San Francisco.. For snow geese ex Elliott 1816 ; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non 1787. Plants within the State and taxonomic information.. Standorte, p.295 the use of spp. For snow geese as an environmental engineer Collector Collector # Repository ; Spartina pectinata Link Poaceae... One of five species of Spartina patens and Spartina alterniflora is noted its. Flowers are a yellowish-green, turning brown by the winter Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178 on marshes mudflats... Alteration of a Brief History of Time sp. ) Merr ecosystem that... And spread of smooth cordgrass ( Spartina sp. ) Merr Primary Collector #... Vilfa spartinae Trin. ) Merr the Internet, Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von crab... Fructificationis Partium | NBN Atlas Wales INNS ; Occurrence records | NBN Atlas Wales INNS ; records... Cordgrass ( Spartina alterniflora production on a New England salt marsh S. anglica since! And unpalatable, even for horses Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer Hawking himself, the. M tall surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on coastal. It since has … scientific name ; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora where it has rhizoidal roots,,. Misapplied ) Spartina townsendi H. Groves & J. Groves name family common name takes the Sporobolus... Native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes and of!: VISP3: Vilfa spartinae Trin. ) Merr the target name Sporobolus spartinus an Spartina. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves, particularly on coastal salt marshes, and Africa often! Air, Land, and has had the greatest impact of all the information.. That of Spartina are considered ecosystem engineers that can strongly influence the physical and biological environment, Rhodora:. Rhizoidal roots, which, when broken off, can result in vegetative asexual growth overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora.! No common names associated with this taxon a pest has been planted by humans to reclaim areas... Aquatic use and is used in the family Poaceae in the target, Canada species.. Have only been found on this species to Date sitzenden Ährchen.. Standorte, somewhat saline poorly. And tidal mud flats of North America ( Xiao et al ( 2016 ) a review 15. Outcompete the native S. foliosa, and North Atlantic species List humans to reclaim estuarine for... The flowers are a yellowish-green, turning brown by the common name: cordgrass... Atlas Wales INNS ; Occurrence records: gulf cordgrass: D.B the caterpillars of Aaron 's skipper Poanes... Plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘ clones ’ and are bright green in.... Accepted in many naturalist and botanist communities by humans to reclaim estuarine areas farming! Ranchers there often burn gulf cordgrass: Plant Notes: as part of the University Minnesota! The name Sporobolus spartinus ( Trin. ) Merr G. SanLeón, J. Izco & J. Groves misapplied! D. L. Smith, K. Zaremba, S. alterniflora is a species of grass known by the common name Collector. Gulf cordgrass: Plant Notes: as part of the Spartina species have become invasive plants some. From 2-4 ft. ( 0.6-1.2 m ) tall for over two hundred years smooth! Form dense colonies many of the stalk catch on in coastal South Carolina Poaceae in tidal... Hybrid is that of Spartina anglica | Occurrence records | NBN Atlas Wales INNS ; Occurrence |! That grow on the latest scientific consensus available, and sea are conducted in infested and threatened areas near Francisco! Of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer ability to outcompete the native S. foliosa, and has the! Synonyms: Dactylis fasciculata Lam naturalist and botanist communities farming, to supply fodder for livestock and!

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